Spanish Verb SER: to be. Fully conjugated

The Spanish for 'to be' is the irregular Spanish verb ser.
Imagine you want to be a SERIOUS person.

SER, a top ten Spanish verb describes WHAT or WHO something or someone is.
ESTAR (to be) describes HOW something is.

I find that the fastest and easiest way to learn and REMEMBER new Spanish words is with memory trigger cartoon pictures ... and the best way to REMEMBER the 10 main uses of SER, and 27 uses of ESTAR is with the cartoons of SER-pents [like SER-ious SERlock Holmes (left)] involved in the various uses of SER. Also the ESTAR bunny in cartoons of the various uses of ESTAR in our dedicated SER-ESTAR course. (More below the verb table ...)
           to be: ser
Imagine you want TO BE a SERIOUS person.
Simple Tenses - Spanish Verb ser
él, ella, usted
ellos, ellas, ustedes

am, are, is
soy eres es somos sois son

was, were
era eras era erámos eráis eran

was, were
fui fuiste fue fuimos fuisteis fueron

will be
seré serás será seremos seréis serán

would be
sería serías sería seríamos seríais serían

may be
sea seas sea seamos seáis sean
Imperfect Subjunctive
Imperfecto de Subjuntivo

may have been
fuera fueras fuera fuéramos fuerais fueran
fuese fueses fuese fuésemos fueseis fuesen
Imperatives   Spanish Verb ser

sé! sea! seamos! sed! sean!
Negative Imperative
Imperativo Negativo

don't be!
no seas! no sea! no seamos! no seáis! no sean!
Compound Tenses of the Spanish Verb ser  Past Participle: sido
Present Perfect
Perfecto de Indicativo

have been
he sido has sido ha sido hemos sido habéis sido han sido
Preterit Perfect
Pretérito Anterior

had been
hube sido hubiste sido hubo sido hubimos sido hubisteis sido hubieron sido
Past Perfect

had been
había sido habías sido había sido habíamos sido habíais sido habían sido
Present Perfect Subjunctive
Presente perfecto

have been
haya sido hayas sido haya sido hayamos sido hayáis sido hayan sido
Future Perfect
Futuro Perfecto

will have been
habré sido habrás sido habrá sido habremos sido habréis sido habrán sido
Conditional Perfect
Condicional Perfecto

would have been
habría sido habrías sido habría sido habríamos sido habríais sido habrían sido

may have been
hubiera sido hubieras sido hubiera sido hubiéramos sido hubierais sido hubieran sido
hubiese sido hubieses sido hubiese sido hubiésemos sido hubieseis sido hubiesen sido
Progressive Tenses ser  Present Participle: siendo
Present Progressive
Presente Progressivo

am, are being
estoy siendo estás siendo está siendo estamos siendo está siendo están siendo
Preterit Progressive

was being
estuve siendo estuviste siendo estuvo siendo estuvimos siendo estuvisteis siendo estuvieron siendo
Imperfect Progressive

had been being
estaba siendo estabas siendo estaba siendo estábamos siendo estabais siendo estaban siendo
Future Progressive
Futuro Perfecto

will be being
estaré siendo estarás siendo estará siendo estaremos siendo estaréis siendo estarán siendo
Conditional Progressive
Condicional perfecto

would have been being
estaría siendo estarías siendo estabría siendo estaríamos siendo estaríais siendo estarían siendo
Subjunctive Progressive

may have been being
que ~ siendo que ~ siendo que ~ siendo que ~ siendo que ~ siendo que ~ siendo
More Spanish Lessons like the Spanish verb SER           |            Add Daily Spanish Lessons to Your Website Free

        USING the SPANISH VERB SER      

Spanish verb ser SERlock Holmes and his SER-pent friends can help you learn the different uses of the Spanish verb SER. I find that it is so easy to remember the visual imprints that a cartoon leaves in the brain enabling me to remember the 10 main uses of the verb ser.

Spanish to be estar-ser Likewise I found it much easier to learn and remember the 27 main uses of the Spanish verb estar with the dozens of cartoons of the ESTAR Bunny. These unique cartoons make language learning so much easier.

Spanish for have=tener Another verb that can be used for certain forms of the English verb 'to be' is tener - to be hungry, to be 20 years old, to be cold, to be hot, to be frightened ... these all use the verb tener, as do loads of idiomatic expressions.


  • The Spanish verb ser is an irregular verb, and you need to learn it.
  • Learn to conjugate ser and learn how it differs from the verb estar.
  • Each month we feature daily verbs from one of the major pattern groups AR-ER-IR... so one month you can do an AR verb-a-day, the next month ER verb-a-day, and the month after - an IR verb-a-day! That is the best way I find to really consolidate my knowledge of the verb conjugations - family by family over time, steadily building and consolidating.

More Verbs like the Spanish verb SER - to be

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