Spanish Verb ALENTAR: to encourage

The Spanish verb alentar means 'to encourage ' and is an irregular Spanish AR verb.

To remember this, imagine you encourage ALAN TA do his best!

Alentar changes the stem in the Present, Present Subjunctive and Imperative tenses.
During December a new irregular -AR verb is featured each day to enable you to consolidate an irregular AR verb family. You will learn other verbs with similar patterns such as apretar, cerrar, calentar, desterrar, and others.

I find that the fastest and easiest way to learn and REMEMBER new Spanish words is with memory trigger cartoon pictures. It makes them harder to forget.

Read on, below the ALENTAR verb table...
           to encourage: alentar
Imagine you encourage ALAN TA do his best!
Simple Tenses alentar
él, ella, usted
ellos, ellas, ustedes

aliento alientas alienta alentamos alentáis alientan

alentaba alentabas alentaba alentábamos alentabais alentaban

alenté alentaste alentó alentamos alentasteis alentaron

will encourage
alentaré alentarás alentará alentaremos alentaréis alentarán

would encourage
alentaría alentarías alentaría alentaríamos alentaríais alentarían

may encourage
aliente alientes aliente alentemos alentéis alienten
Imperfect Subjunctive
Imperfecto de Subjuntivo

may encourage
alentara alentaras alentara alentáramos alentarais alentaran
alentase alentases alentase alentásemos alentaseis alentasen
Imperative Tenses alentar

¡alienta! ¡aliente! ¡alentemos! ¡alentad! ¡alienten!
Negative Imperative
Imperativo Negativo

don't encourage!
¡no alientes! ¡no aliente! ¡no alentemos! ¡no alentéis! ¡no alienten!
Compound Tenses alentar - Past Participle alentado - encouraged
Present Perfect
Perfecto de Indicativo

have encouraged
he alentado has alentado ha alentado hemos alentado habéis alentado han alentado
Preterit Perfect
Pretérito Anterior

had encouraged
hube alentado hubiste alentado hubo alentado hubimos alentado hubisteis alentado hubieron alentado
Past Perfect

had encouraged
había alentado habías alentado había alentado habíamos alentado habíais alentado habían alentado
Present Perfect Subjunctive
Presente perfecto

have encouraged
haya alentado hayas alentado haya alentado hayamos alentado hayáis alentado hayan alentado
Future Perfect
Futuro Perfecto

will have encouraged
habré alentado habrás alentado habrá alentado habremos alentado habréis alentado habrán alentado
Conditional Perfect
Condicional Perfecto

would have encouraged
habría alentado habrías alentado habría alentado habríamos alentado habríais alentado habrían alentado

may have encouraged
hubiera alentado hubieras alentado hubiera alentado hubiéramos alentado hubierais alentado hubieran alentado
hubiese alentado hubieses alentado hubiese alentado hubiésemos alentado hubieseis alentado hubiesen alentado
Progressive Tenses: Present Participle alentando - encouraging
Present Progressive
Presente Progressivo

am encouraging
estoy alentando estás alentando está alentando estamos alentando está alentando están alentando
Preterit Progressive

was encouraging
estuve alentando estuviste alentando estuvo alentando estuvimos alentando estuvisteis alentando estuvieron alentando
Imperfect Progressive

had been encouraging
estaba alentando estabas alentando estaba alentando estábamos alentando estabais alentando estaban alentando
Future Progressive
Futuro Perfecto

will be encouraging
estaré alentando estarás alentando estará alentando estaremos alentando estaréis alentando estarán alentando
Conditional Progressive
Condicional perfecto

would've been encouraging
estaría alentando estarías alentando estabría alentando estaríamos alentando estaríais alentando estarían alentando
Subjunctive Progressive

may've been encouraging
que ~ alentando que ~ alentando que ~ alentando que ~ alentando que ~ alentando que ~ alentando
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 MORE on the SPANISH VERB alentar 

        MORE on the SPANISH VERB alentar      

Spanish for encourage is alentar alentar can also mean: to cheer on, to hearten; to breathe.
alentarse (vr): to get better (LAm); to take heart, to cheer up; to give birth to (CAm).

Spanish for encourage is alentar alentador/a (adj): encouraging.
dar aliento a alguien: to encourage someone.

Spanish for encourage is alentar el aliento (nm): breath.
tener mal aliento: to have bad breath.
sin aliento: out of breath, breathless.
faltar el aliento: to be out/short of breath.
tomar aliento: to catch one's breath.
cobrar aliento: to take heart.

you informal vos replaces - you, informal, singular -
- in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and also in some countries of Central America.
Sometimes it also replaces the formal singular 'Usted'.
In irregular AR verbs, the conjugations remain the same as for except for the addition of accents in the following tenses:
Presente:  vos alentás
Imperativo:  ¡alentá!


  • The Spanish verb for encourage alentar is an Irregular AR verb.
  • Learn to conjugate alentar and it will reinforce this irregular pattern.
  • Do a series of verbs every day for a month and you will have a solid knowledge of the verbs' conjugation patterns. Keep doing them with a new one every day from the Spanish Verbs List.
  • The same applies to the various patterns. Each month we feature a daily verb from one of the major pattern groups.
  • Repeating these tables aloud 10 times throughout the day will better embed the patterns into your subconscious, and your long term memory.
  • Reciting aloud is a great way for you to practice your pronunciation, and helps you to memorize the conjugations.

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