Learn all about the verb in Spanish for arrive
llegar

The Spanish for arrive is llegar, which sounds a bit like YEGAR... so to remember this one effectively...

... imagine that Chuck YEAGER (m) arrives at the airport
in his little Rocket Jet XS1.

Once you have looked at the cartoon picture and memorised it ... check out the conjugations of llegar in the various Spanish verb tenses below.

Present Participle Past Participle
llegando = arriving llegado = arrived

The past participle is very important as it is used to form the various compound tenses, seven of which are used in modern Spanish conversation and writing. Check out the tenses in the tables below.

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Verb llegar fully conjugated. The Spanish for arrive.


The 7 Simple Tenses of the conjugated Spanish verb llegar - to arrive

Present Tense - Presente
yo llego I (am) - arrive

- arriving

- do arrive
llegas you (are) (inf.sing)
él, ella
-----
usted
llega he, she, it (is)
-----
you (are) (form.sing)
nosotros llegamos we (are)
vosotros llegáis you (are) (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
llegan they (are) (m/f)
-----
you (are) (form.pl)


Example sentences using the Spanish for arrive, the verb llegar conjugated in the present indicative tense:

Llego a tiempo.
I am arriving on time.


Imperfect Indicative Tense
Imperfecto de Indicativo
yo llegaba I (was) - arrived

- arriving

- used to arrive
llegabas you (were) (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
llegaba he, she, it (was)
-----
you (were) (form.sing)
nosotros llegábamos we (were)
vosotros llegabais you (were) (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
llegaban they (m/f)
you (were) (form.pl)

Example sentence using the Spanish for arrive, the verb llegar conjugated in the imperfect indicative tense:

En diciembre llegaba el hurucán.
The hurricane arrived in December.


Preterit Tense - Pretérito
yo llegué I arrived
llegaste you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
llegó he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros llegamos we
vosotros llegasteis you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
llegaron they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb llegar - Spanish for arrive - conjugated in the preterit tense:

Yo llegué de primero a la fiesta.
I arrived first at the party.


Future Tense - Futuro
yo llegaré I - will arrive

- will be arriving
llegarás you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
llegará he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros llegaremos we
vosotros llegaréis you (inf.pl)
ellos ellas
ustedes
llegarán they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb llegar - Spanish for arrive - conjugated in the future tense:

Yo llegaré la semana que viene.
I will arrive next week.


Conditional Tense - Potencial Simple
yo llegaría I would arrive
llegarías you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
llegaría he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros llegaríamos we
vosotros llegaríais you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
llegarían they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb llegar - Spanish for arrive - conjugated in the conditional tense:

Ellos no llegarían el viernes.
They wouldn’t arrive on Friday.


Present Subjunctive Tense - Presente de Subjuntivo
yo llegue I - may arrive

- may be arriving
llegues you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
llegue he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros lleguemos we
vosotros lleguéis you (inf.pl)
ellos ellas
ustedes
lleguen they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence using the word in Spanish for arrive, which is the verb llegar conjugated in the present subjunctive tense:

Yo dudo que llegues a tiempo.
I doubt that you (may) arrive on time.


Imperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo llegara (that) I (maybe) arrived
(in the past)
llegaras (that) you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
llegara (that)
he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros llegáramos (that) we
vosotros llegarais (that) you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
llegaran (that)
they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb llegar conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive –ra version tense:

Siento que no llegáramos a tiempo para entrar al cine.
I’m sorry that we didn’t arrive on time to get into the cinema.


Imperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo llegase (that) I (maybe) arrived
(in the past)
llegases (that) you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
llegase (that)
he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros llegásemos (that) we
vosotros llegaseis (that) you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
llegasen (that)
they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the Spanish for arrive, the verb llegar conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive –se version tense:

Siento que no llegásemos a tiempo para entrar al cine.
I’m sorry that we didn’t arrive on time to get into the cinema.


The 7 Compound Tenses of llegar, the verb in Spanish for to arrive.

All compound tenses are composed of the conjugated auxiliary verb
haber and the past participle of llegar.

haber + llegado

Present Perfect Tense - Perfecto de Indicativo
yo he llegado I have arrived
has llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
-----
usted
ha llegado he, she, it
-----
you (form.sing)
nosotros hemos llegado we
vosotros habéis llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
han llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of llegarse, Spanish for arrive, with the verb conjugated in the present perfect (perfecto de indicativo) tense:

has llegado a tiempo todo el mes.
You arrived on time all month.


Past Perfect Tense
Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo
yo había llegado I had arrived
habías llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
había llegado he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habíamos llegado we
vosotros habíais llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habían llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb llegar Spanish for arrive, conjugated in the past perfect (pluscuamperfecto de indicativo) tense:

Ella había llegado a la casa antes que yo.
She had arrived at home before me.


Future Perfect Tense - Futuro Perfecto
yo habré llegado I will have arrived
habrás llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
habrá llegado he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habremos llegado we
vosotros habréis llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habrán llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb llegar conjugated in the Future Perfect tense:

Habré llegado a Heathrow para las nueve de la mañana.
I will have arrived at Heathrow by nine in the morning.


Conditional Perfect Tense - Potencial Compuesto
yo habría llegado I would have arrived
habrías llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
habría llegado he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habríamos llegado we
vosotros habríais llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habrían llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb llegar conjugated in the Conditional Perfect:


Yo habría llegado a tiempo si no me hubieses parado a saludarme.
I would have arrived on time if you hadn’t stopped me to say hello.


Preterit Perfect Tense
Pretérito Perfecto or Anterior
(used mostly in formal writing)
yo hube llegado I had arrived
hubiste llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubo llegado he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubimos llegado we
vosotros hubisteis llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubieron llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb llegar, the verb in Spanish for to arrive, conjugated in the Preterit Perfect Tense (Also known as pretérito anterior - past anterior):


Después de hubieron llegado al lugar, hablaron.
After they had arrived at the place, they talked.


Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense
Perfecto de Subjuntivo
yo haya llegado I (may) have arrived
hayas llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
haya llegado he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hayamos llegado we
vosotros hayáis llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hayan llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb llegar conjugated in the Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense:


Es posible que yo haya llegado tarde algunas veces.
It’s possible that I (may have) arrived late sometimes.


Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo hubiera llegado I (may) had arrived
hubieras llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubiera llegado he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubiéramos llegado we
vosotros hubierais llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubieran llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb llegar conjugated in the Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo:


Yo esperaba que (ellos) hubieran llegado a la fiesta.
I was hoping that they had come to the party.


Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo hubiese llegado I (may) had arrived
hubieses llegado you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubiese llegado he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubiésemos llegado we
vosotros hubieseis llegado you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubiesen llegado they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb llegar conjugated in the Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version:


Yo esperaba que (ellos) hubiesen llegado a la fiesta.
I was hoping that they had come to the party.


Imperative
Imperativo
Arrive! Don't arrive!
you (inf.sing) ¡llega! ¡no llegues!
you (form.sing) usted ¡llegue! ¡no llegue!
(Let) us nosotros ¡lleguemos! ¡no lleguemos!
you (inf.pl) vosotros ¡llegad! ¡no lleguéis!
you (form.pl) ustedes ¡lleguen! ¡no lleguen!

Notice: In Spanish, before a command/exclamation the Spanish upside down exclamation mark (¡) is required before it and a normal exclamation mark (!) following it.

¡No llegues tarde!
Don’t arrive late! (inf.sing)


Other notes to do with llegar, the verb for to arrive in Spanish:

llegar a - to reach

llegar a ser - to become

llegar a saber - to find out

llegar tarde - to arrive late

la llegada (f) - arrival

al llegar - upon arriving, upon arrival

llegar hasta - to go as far as, to go all the way (to)


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