Understand the Spanish for understand
entender

entender



... imagine you must understand that ANY TENDER meat
is very DEAR!


entenderse con (alguien) - to communicate with somebody / to get along with somebody / to deal with somebody


Check the cartoon picture out, memorise it... then learn the conjugations in the various Spanish verb tenses.

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Present Participle Past Participle
entendiendo = understanding entendido = understood

The past participle is very important as it is used to form the various compound tenses, seven of which are used in modern Spanish conversation and writing. Check out the tenses in the tables below.


Verb entender fully conjugated. The Spanish for understand.


The 7 Simple Tenses of the conjugated Spanish verb entender - to understand

Present Tense - Presente
yo entiendo I (am) - understand

- understanding

- do understand
entiendes you (are) (inf.sing)
él, ella
-----
usted
entiende he, she, it (is)
-----
you (are) (form.sing)
nosotros entendemos we (are)
vosotros entendéis you (are) (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
entienden they (are) (m/f)
-----
you (are) (form.pl)


Example sentence of the Spanish verb to understand - entender - conjugated in the present indicative tense:

Yo entiendo tu problema.
I (do) understand your problem.


Imperfect Indicative Tense
Imperfecto de Indicativo
yo entendía I (was) - understood

- understanding

- used to understand
entendías you (were) (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
entendía he, she, it (was)
-----
you (were) (form.sing)
nosotros entendíamos we (were)
vosotros entendíais you (were) (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
entendían they (m/f)
you (were) (form.pl)

Example Spanish verb to understand - entender - conjugated in the imperfect indicative tense:

Ella entendía bien el inglés.
She understood English very well.


Preterit Tense - Pretérito
yo entendí I understood
entendiste you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
entendió he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros entendimos we
vosotros entendisteis you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
entendieron they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the Spanish verb to understand - entender conjugated in the preterit tense:

Él entendió lo que dijiste.
He understood what you said.


Future Tense - Futuro
yo entenderé I - will understand

- will be understanding
entenderás you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
entenderá he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros entenderemos we
vosotros entenderéis you (inf.pl)
ellos ellas
ustedes
entenderán they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the Spanish verb to understand - entender - conjugated in the future tense:

Yo entenderé mas del juego cuando practique.
I will understand more from the game when I practice.


Conditional Tense - Potencial Simple
yo entendería I would understand
entenderías you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
entendería he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros entenderíamos we
vosotros entenderíais you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
entenderían they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb entender, the Spanish verb to understand, conjugated in the conditional tense:

Él entendería mejor si le explicas.
He would understand better if you explain (it) to him.


Present Subjunctive Tense - Presente de Subjuntivo
yo entienda I - may understand

- may be understanding
entiendas you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
entienda he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros entendamos we
vosotros entendáis you (inf.pl)
ellos ellas
ustedes
entiendan they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the Spanish verb to understand - entender - conjugated in the present subjunctive tense:

Yo espero que entiendas todo.
I hope that you (may) understand everything.


Imperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo entendiera (that) I (maybe) understood
(in the past)
entendieras (that) you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
entendiera (that)
he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros entendiéramos (that) we
vosotros entendierais (that) you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
entendieran (that)
they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb entenderse conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive -ra version tense:

Yo esperaba que él entendiera lo que dije.
I hoped that he understood what I said.


Imperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo entendiese (that) I (maybe) understood
(in the past)
entendieses (that) you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
entendiese (that)
he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros entendiésemos (that) we
vosotros entendieseis (that) you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
entendiesen (that)
they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb entender conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive -se version tense:

Yo esperaba que él entendiese lo que dije.
I hoped that he understood what I said.


The 7 Compound Tenses of entender, the verb in Spanish for to understand.

All compound tenses are composed of the conjugated auxiliary verb
haber and the past participle of entender.

haber + entendido

Present Perfect Tense - Perfecto de Indicativo
yo he entendido I have understood
has entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
-----
usted
ha entendido he, she, it
-----
you (form.sing)
nosotros hemos entendido we
vosotros habéis entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
han entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of entenderse, Spanish verb to understand, with the verb conjugated in the present perfect (perfecto de indicativo) tense:

Ellos no han entendido las reglas del juego.
They have not understood the rules of the game.


Past Perfect Tense
Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo
yo había entendido I had understood
habías entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
había entendido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habíamos entendido we
vosotros habíais entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habían entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb entender Spanish for to understand, conjugated in the past perfect (pluscuamperfecto de indicativo) tense:

Hemos entendido la lección.
We had understood the lesson.


Future Perfect Tense - Futuro Perfecto
yo habré entendido I will have understood
habrás entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
habrá entendido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habremos entendido we
vosotros habréis entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habrán entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb entender conjugated in the Future Perfect tense:

Habré entendido como arreglar esto para esta tarde.
I will have understood how to fix this by the afternoon.


Conditional Perfect Tense - Potencial Compuesto
yo habría entendido I would have understood
habrías entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
habría entendido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habríamos entendido we
vosotros habríais entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habrían entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb entender conjugated in the Conditional Perfect:


Nosotros habríamos entendido el problema si no fuera tan difícil.
We would have understood the problem if it wasn’t so difficult.


Preterit Perfect Tense
Pretérito Perfecto or Anterior
(used mostly in formal writing)
yo hube entendido I had understood
hubiste entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubo entendido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubimos entendido we
vosotros hubisteis entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubieron entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb entender, the verb in Spanish for to understand conjugated in the Preterit Perfect Tense (Also known as pretérito anterior - past anterior):


Y de que por este judío, su físico, hubo entendido el bien y la gran pro que en él yacía, mandóselo trasladar de arábigo en lenguaje castellano ….
And so through this Jew, his physicist, he he had understood the good and the great advantage that he had (lay) in him, (and) sent for him to translate it from the Arabic into the castellian language ….
Extract from Miguel D. Cervantes, Lapidario, Alfonso X, Rey de Castilla


Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense
Perfecto de Subjuntivo
yo haya entendido I (may) have understood
hayas entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
haya entendido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hayamos entendido we
vosotros hayáis entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hayan entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb in Spanish for understand - entender - conjugated in the Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense:


No es mi culpa que no hayas entendido.
It’s not my fault that you haven’t understood.


Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo hubiera entendido I (may) had understood
hubieras entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubiera entendido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubiéramos entendido we
vosotros hubierais entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubieran entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb entender conjugated in the Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo:


Yo esperaba que los alumnos hubieran entendido.
I hoped that the students had understood.


Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo hubiese entendido I (may) had understood
hubieses entendido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubiese entendido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubiésemos entendido we
vosotros hubieseis entendido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubiesen entendido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb entender conjugated in the Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version:

Yo esperaba que los alumnos hubiesen entendido.
I hoped that the students had understood.


Imperative
Imperativo
Understand! Don't understand!
you (inf.sing) ¡entiende! ¡no entiendas!
you (form.sing) usted ¡entienda! ¡no entienda!
(Let) us nosotros ¡entendamos! ¡no entendamos!
you (inf.pl) vosotros ¡entended! ¡no entendáis!
you (form.pl) ustedes ¡entienden! ¡no entienden!

Note: The Spanish upside down exclamation mark (¡) is required before a command/exclamation and a normal exclamation mark (!) following it.

¡Entiende esto!
Understand this!


Other notes to do with entender, the verb in Spanish for understand:

dar a entender - to insinuate, to hint, to lead (someone) to believe that ...

entenderse bien / mal - to understand / to get along with one another well / badly.

desentenderse de - to have nothing to do with

el entendimiento (m) - understanding / mind

el entender(m) - opinion / mind

según mi entender (m) - in my opinión / mind


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32 Alverton, Great Linford, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, MK14 5EF, United Kingdom © 2007- Spanish Verb Conjugations for entender- the verb in Spanish for to understand.

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