Take 3 minutes to read aloud ALL the verb conjugations of appuyer below - by ROW and by COLUMN. NOTICE that while they SOUND like normal ER verbs, SPELLINGS VARY in that the y is replaced by the letter i before a MUTE e.... more below the table...
to lean: appuyer
Imagine we stand UP WE lean against A BUOY.
VERB CONJUGATION TABLE appuyer
Simple Tenses appuyer
Present Présent lean
Past Imperfect Imparfait leant
Simple Past Passé Simple leant
Future Futur will lean
Conditional Conditionnel would lean
Subjunctive Subjonctif may lean
Compound Tenses appuyer
Present Perfect Passé Composé have leant
Past Perfect Plus-que-Parfait had leant
Future Perfect Futur Antérieur will have leant
Conditional Perfect Conditionnel Passé would have leant
Imperative Imperatif lean!
MORE on the FRENCH VERBS appuyer & s'appuyer
OK. If you have read this far, you should have READ ALOUD all the conjugations of appuyer. Better still WRITE them down. What you will have noticed - if you have been religiously reciting each weekly verb (or the daily French verb lessons) is the slight spelling differences. As stated above, the letter 'i' replaces the letter 'y' before a MUTE e. What is a 'mute e' you ask? Well it is where the 'e' is not pronounced. Like tu appuies where the 'e' is silent. (We've marked them in red in the table...).
But notice where the 'e' is pronounced as in appuyez or appuyé the 'y' is not replaced.
S'appuyer sur quelquechose ou s'appuyer contre quelquechose means to lean or lean against something. S'appuyer sur quelqu'un... also means to depend on, or rely on somebody.
Appuyer also means:
prop, prop up, hold by means of a prop, to support, to second (a motion), to back up (e.g. a motion, proposal, idea);
appuyer sur un bouton to press a button;
appuyer sur un mot to stress a word;
appuyer à gauche, à droite to bear to the left, to the right;
appuie-toi sur moi count on me, trust me, you can rely on me.
Other words and phrases related to appuyer:
un appui: a prop, stay;
un appui-bras, appuie-bras: arm-rest;
un appui-livres, appuie-livres: bookend, book-rests. Note that while the livres part of the word is plural, the appui part is singular in this case;
les appuis-livres, les appuies-livres: note the plurals - bookends, book-rests.
un appui-tête, appuie-tête: head-rest;
la preuve à l'appui: proof with supporting evidence.
HOW TO CONQUER FRENCH VERB CONJUGATION
The French verb for lean, appuyer/s'appuyer is another regular ER verb conjugated using the same pattern of endings as 5,000+ other regular ER verbs.
Learn to conjugate appuyer and it will reinforce the pattern for ALL regular ER verbs, these being the most common French verbs.
Do a series of ER verbs every day for a month and you will have a solid knowledge of the ER verbs' conjugation patterns. Keep doing them with a new one every day from the French Verbs List.
Repeating these tables aloud 10 times throughout the day will better embed the patterns into your subconscious, and your long term memory.
Reciting aloud is a great way for you to practice your pronunciation, and helps you to memorize the conjugations.
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