Verb in French for lean: appuyer

            Another French verb for lean is the regular ER verb appuyer.

To remember this imagine as we stand UP WE LEAN against A BUOY.

The reflexive verb s'appuyer means to lean on to, to rest or recline against something. We've looked at some related words/phrases in recent lessons: Take 3 minutes to read aloud ALL the verb conjugations of appuyer below - by ROW and by COLUMN. NOTICE that while they SOUND like normal ER verbs, SPELLINGS VARY in that the y is replaced by the letter i before a MUTE e.... more below the table...


to lean: appuyer
Imagine as we stand UP WE lean against A BUOY!

Simple Tenses appuyer

appuie appuies appuie appuyons appuyez appuient
Past Imperfect
appuyais appuyais appuyait appuyions appuyiez appuyaient
Simple Past
Passé Simple

appuyai appuyas appuya appuyâmes appuyâtes appuyèrent

will lean
appuierai appuieras appuiera appuierons appuierez appuieront

would lean
appuierais appuierais appuierait appuierions appuieriez appuieraient

may lean
appuie appuies appuie appuyions appuyiez appuient
Compound Tenses appuyer
Present Perfect
Passé Composé

have leant
ai appuyé as appuyé a appuyé avons appuyé avez appuyé ont appuyé
Past Perfect

had leant
avais appuyé avais appuyé avait appuyé avions appuyé aviez appuyé avaient appuyé
Future Perfect
Futur Antérieur

will have leant
aurai appuyé auras appuyé aura appuyé aurons appuyé aurez appuyé auront appuyé
Conditional Perfect
Conditionnel Passé

would have leant
aurais appuyé aurais appuyé aurait appuyé aurions appuyé auriez appuyé auraient appuyé

appuie appuyons appuyez

        MORE on the FRENCH VERBS appuyer & s'appuyer

OK. If you have read this far, you should have READ ALOUD all the conjugations of appuyer. Better still WRITE them down. What you will have noticed - if you have been religiously reciting each weekly verb (or the daily French verb lessons is the slight spelling differences. As stated above, the letter 'i' replaces the letter 'y' before a MUTE e. What is a 'mute e' you ask? Well it is where the 'e' is not pronounced. Like tu appuies where the 'e' is silent. (We've marked them in red in the table...).

But notice where the 'e' is pronounced as in appuyez or appuyé the 'y' is not replaced.

S'appuyer sur quelquechose ou s'appuyer contre quelquechose means to lean or lean against something.
S'appuyer sur quelqu'un... also means to depend on, or rely on somebody.

Appuyer also means:

  • prop, prop up, hold by means of a prop, to support, to second (a motion), to back up (e.g. a motion, proposal, idea);
  • appuyer sur un bouton to press a button;
  • appuyer sur un mot to stress a word;
  • appuyer à gauche, à droite to bear to the left, to the right;
  • appuie-toi sur moi count on me, trust me, you can rely on me.
Other words and phrases related to appuyer:
  • un appui: a prop, stay;
  • un appui-bras, appuie-bras: arm-rest;
  • un appui-livres, appuie-livres: bookend, book-rests. Note that while the livres part of the word is plural, the appui part is singular in this case;
  • les appuis-livres, les appuies-livres: note the plurals - bookends, book-rests.
  • un appui-tête, appuie-tête: head-rest;
  • la preuve à l'appui: proof with supporting evidence.


  • The French verb for lean, appuyer/s'appuyer is another regular ER verb conjugated using the same pattern of endings as 5,000+ other regular ER verbs.
  • Learn to conjugate appuyer and it will reinforce the pattern for ALL regular ER verbs, these being the most common French verbs.
  • Do a series of ER verbs every day for a month and you will have a solid knowledge of the ER verbs' conjugation patterns. Keep doing them with a new one every day from the French Verbs List.
  • Repeating these tables aloud 10 times throughout the day will better embed the patterns into your subconscious, and your long term memory.
  • Reciting aloud is a great way for you to practice your pronunciation, and helps you to memorize the conjugations.

More Verbs like the French for lean - appuyer

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