The verb for to sleep
in Spanish


dormir



... imagine you sleep in the DORMItory
- this DORM 'ERE!


dormirse - to fall asleep


Check the cartoon picture out, memorise it... then learn the conjugations in the various Spanish verb tenses.

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Present Participle Past Participle
durmiendo = sleeping dormido = slept

The past participle is very important as it is used to form the various compound tenses, seven of which are used in modern Spanish conversation and writing. Check out the tenses in the tables below.

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Verb dormir fully conjugated. The Spanish for sleep.


The 7 Simple Tenses of the conjugated Spanish verb dormir - to sleep

Present Tense - Presente
yo duermo I (am) - sleep

- sleeping

- do sleep
duermes you (are) (inf.sing)
él, ella
-----
usted
duerme he, she, it (is)
-----
you (are) (form.sing)
nosotros dormimos we (are)
vosotros dormís you (are) (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
duermen they (are) (m/f)
-----
you (are) (form.pl)


Example Spanish sentences of the verb dormir conjugated in the present indicative tense:

Yo duermo en mi cama.
I sleep in my bed.


Imperfect Indicative Tense
Imperfecto de Indicativo
yo dormía I (was) - slept

- sleeping

- used to sleep
dormías you (were) (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
dormía he, she, it (was)
-----
you (were) (form.sing)
nosotros dormíamos we (were)
vosotros dormíais you (were) (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
dormían they (m/f)
you (were) (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the imperfect indicative tense:

Ellos dormían en la casa de su abuela.
They (m) used to sleep / were sleeping at their grandmother’s house.


Preterit Tense - Pretérito
yo dormí I slept
dormiste you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
durmió he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros dormimos we
vosotros dormisteis you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
durmieron they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the preterit tense:

Yo dormí en ese hotel la semana pasada.
I slept in that hotel last week.


Future Tense - Futuro
yo dormiré I - will sleep

- will be sleeping
dormirás you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
dormirá he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros dormiremos we
vosotros dormiréis you (inf.pl)
ellos ellas
ustedes
dormirán they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb dormir, Spanish for to sleep - conjugated in the future tense:

Ana dormirá en la casa de su amiga mañana.
Ana will be sleeping at her friend’s house tomorrow.


Conditional Tense - Potencial Simple
yo dormiría I would sleep
dormirías you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
dormiría he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros dormiríamos we
vosotros dormiríais you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
dormirían they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb dormir Spanish for to sleep, conjugated in the conditional tense:

Ella no dormiría toda la semana fuera de su casa.
She wouldn’t sleep out of (away from) her house the whole week.


Present Subjunctive Tense - Presente de Subjuntivo
yo duerme I - may sleep

- may be sleeping
duermes you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
duerme he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros dormemos we
vosotros dorméis you (inf.pl)
ellos ellas
ustedes
duermen they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the present subjunctive tense:

Espero que duermas mejor esta noche.
I hope that you (may) sleep better tonight.


Imperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo durmiera (that) I (maybe) slept
(in the past)
durmieras (that) you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
durmiera (that)
he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros durmiéramos (that) we
vosotros durmierais (that) you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
durmieran (that)
they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormirse conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive –ra version tense:

Fue terrible que no durmieras bien.
It was terrible that you didn’t sleep well.


Imperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version - Imperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo durmiese (that) I (maybe) slept
(in the past)
durmieses (that) you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
durmiese (that)
he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros durmiésemos (that) we
vosotros durmieseis (that) you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
durmiesen (that)
they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the imperfect subjunctive –se version tense:

Fue terrible que no durmieses bien.
It was terrible that you didn’t sleep well.


The 7 Compound Tenses of dormir, the verb in Spanish for to sleep.

All compound tenses are composed of the conjugated auxiliary verb
haber and the past participle of dormir.

haber + dormido

Present Perfect Tense - Perfecto de Indicativo
yo he dormido I have slept
has dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
-----
usted
ha dormido he, she, it
-----
you (form.sing)
nosotros hemos dormido we
vosotros habéis dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
han dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of dormirse, Spanish for to remember, with the verb conjugated in the present perfect (perfecto de indicativo) tense:

No han dormido en la nueva cama todavía.
(They) haven’t slept in their new bed yet.


Past Perfect Tense
Pluscuamperfecto de Indicativo
yo había dormido I had slept
habías dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
había dormido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habíamos dormido we
vosotros habíais dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habían dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb dormir Spanish for to sleep, conjugated in the past perfect (pluscuamperfecto de indicativo) tense:

Él había dormido toda la tarde.
He had slept all afternoon.


Future Perfect Tense - Futuro Perfecto
yo habré dormido I will have slept
habrás dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
habrá dormido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habremos dormido we
vosotros habréis dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habrán dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the Future Perfect tense:

Habré dormido mi siesta para las cuatro.
I will have slept my siesta by four o’clock.


Conditional Perfect Tense - Potencial Compuesto
yo habría dormido I would have slept
habrías dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
habría dormido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros habríamos dormido we
vosotros habríais dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
habrían dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the Conditional Perfect:


Él habría dormido mejor si no hubiera tosido toda la noche.
He would have slept better if he hadn’t coughed all night.


Preterit Perfect Tense
Pretérito Perfecto or Anterior
(used mostly in formal writing)
yo hube dormido I had slept
hubiste dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubo dormido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubimos dormido we
vosotros hubisteis dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubieron dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example sentence of the verb dormir, the verb in Spanish for to sleep conjugated in the Preterit Perfect Tense (Also known as pretérito anterior - past anterior):


Después que hubo dormido todo el invierno, el oso despertó.
After he had slept all winter, the bear woke up.


Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense
Perfecto de Subjuntivo
yo haya dormido I (may) have slept
hayas dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
haya dormido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hayamos dormido we
vosotros hayáis dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hayan dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the Present Perfect Subjunctive Tense:


No es posible que yo haya dormido tanto.
It’s not possible that I (may have) slept so long.


Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo hubiera dormido I (may) had slept
hubieras dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubiera dormido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubiéramos dormido we
vosotros hubierais dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubieran dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -ra version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo:


Esperabamos que los niños hubieran dormido bien en el campamento.
We were hoping that the children had slept well in the camp.


Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version - Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo
yo hubiese dormido I (may) had slept
hubieses dormido you (inf.sing)
él, ella
usted
hubiese dormido he, she, it
you (form.sing)
nosotros hubiésemos dormido we
vosotros hubieseis dormido you (inf.pl)
ellos, ellas
ustedes
hubiesen dormido they (m/f)
you (form.pl)

Example Spanish sentence of the verb dormir conjugated in the Pluperfect Subjunctive Tense -se version:


Esperabamos que los niños hubiesen dormido bien en el campamento.
We were hoping that the children had slept well in the camp.


Imperative
Imperativo
Sleep! Don't sleep!
you (inf.sing) ¡duerme! ¡no duermas!
you (form.sing) usted ¡duerma! ¡no duerma!
(Let) us nosotros ¡durmamos! ¡no durmamos!
you (inf.pl) vosotros ¡dormid! ¡no durmáis!
you (form.pl) ustedes ¡duerman! ¡no duerman!

Note: The Spanish upside down exclamation mark (¡) is required before a command/exclamation and a normal exclamation mark (!) following it.

¡No te duermas!
Don’t you sleep! / Don't fall asleep! (inf.sing)


Other notes to do with dormir, the verb for to sleep in Spanish:

dormitar - to doze

dormir a pierna suelta - to sleep soundly / to sleep like a log
Lit. to sleep like a dead leg.

dormir como una piedra - to sleep like a log.
Lit. to sleep like a stone.

dormir la siesta - to sleep a siesta / to take an afternoon nap

dormir la mona - to sleep something off e.g. a hangover

el dormitorio - bedroom, dormitory


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Spanish Verb List - more conjugated verbs like dormir the Spanish for to sleep.

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32 Alverton, Great Linford, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, MK14 5EF, United Kingdom © 2007-2009 - Spanish Verb Conjugations for dormir- the verb in Spanish for to sleep.

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